For Pre-intermediate level up to Intermediate level

For Pre-intermediate level up to Intermediate level
Learning new words and sentences - Part Three

Practical exercise for pre-intermediate and intermediate level

Posted 6 months ago by Odentall

For pre-intermediate level up to intermediate level

Learning new words and sentences - Part Three

 

Easy Learning English Series 

Article: A Basic Education Course for adult learners

Written by ShaPour KhodaParast

ShaPour KhodaParast presents you How We Can Easily Talk in English.

 

This course of study is designed for adult learners with basic knowledge of English.

This series of the basic course is useful for learning and speaking English as a foreign language.
 

πŸ“– Let's get started!

πŸ“–  Basic words and sentences by using the text of a weblog

πŸ“– Learning new words and sentences - Part Three

 

πŸ“– For pre-intermediate level up to intermediate level

 

πŸ“˜πŸ“š How is the order of attributes in English?

  • In this article, we take a look at the rules concerning adjectives in the English language. The order of adjectives is important in the English language. Not only are they always placed in front of nouns they modify, but there is also specific order to their placement.
  • This is the order of adjectives in English. We learn how to use adjectives in the right order.
  •  
  •  
  • Quantity(number)                         β‡’  Adjectives of Quantity                
  • Quality(Value) or Opinion(idea)   β‡’  General opinion > Specific opinion    β‡’  Adjectives of Quality
  • Size
  • Temperature 
  • Age 
  • Shape 
  • Color
  • Proper adjective (often, nationality, other places of origin or material)      β‡’ Nationality = origin > Material
  • Purpose
  •  
  1. Quantity: Adjectives describing the quantity of the noun come first. These includes numbers(One, 5.8, 210) or adjectives such as Many, Several, Few, etc.   β‡’ A table, A chair
  2. Opinion(Value)=Quality: These adjectives communicate how the noun is viewed by yourself or others.                                                                               β‡’ A wonderful table, A wonderful chair
  3. Size: This item tells the reader or listener how big or small the noun is.  β‡’ A tall man, A mini Pizza
  4. Temperature: These adjectives give information about the temperature, if necessary.  β‡’ A wonderful little cold can
  5. Age: Age doesn't have to be a number. Age can also be communicated with words that explain the time period or era the noun lived in or was created in.  β‡’ A wonderful little cold antique chair
  6. Shape: The adjectives that describe shape.   β‡’ A wonderful little cold antique round chair
  7. Color = Colour: Adjectives describing color, such as brown, blue or silver. This also includes hair or fur color. Words such as brunette and blonde can be used when describing the coloring of a person’s hair or an animal’s fur.                                                                            β‡’ A wonderful little cold antique square red chair
  8. Nationality(Origin): Adjectives that describe where the noun came from telling the reader or listener about its origin.                                           β‡’ A wonderful little cold antique square red American chair
  9. Material: These adjectives simply indicate what the noun is made of.  β‡’ A wonderful little cold antique square red American wood chair
  10. Purpose: The last adjective before the noun describes its purpose. This explains what the noun is used for. For example, a tennis ball is used for tennis. A stirring spoon is used for stirring. A diving pool is used for diving. You get the idea.                                                     β‡’ A wonderful little cold antique square red American wood rocking chair
  •  
  • Adjective of quantity
  • Quantity or Number             β‡’ A / an / one / two / three / 210 / 5.9 / many / several / few
  •  
  • Adjective of quality 
  • Quality or Opinion(idea)      β‡’  General opinion > Specific opinion    
  • delicious / disgusting / tasty / horrible
  • good / bad / great / terrible / right / wrong
  • funny / interesting / boring / light / happy
  • ugly / awful / strange / sad / full / soft / hard
  • beautiful / pretty / comfortable / uncomfortable
  • important / excellent / wonderful / brilliant / amazing
  •  
  • Size                                    
  • big / huge / tall / long / enormous / gigantic
  • small / little / tiny / short / long / same as / mini / large
  • high / low
  •  
  • Temperature
  • Cold / cool / warm / hot / freezing
  •  
  • Shape
  •  Round / square / oval / triangular / rectangular / flat / circular / Angular
  •  
  • Age
  • old / ancient / prehistoric
  • new / young / antique
  •  
  • Color 
  • Red / blue / yellow / black / white / Green  
  •  
  • Nationality(Origin)
  • Italian / Iranian / Japanese / Thai / Chinese / English / British
  • Dutch / Indian / Australian  / German  / Russian
  •  
  • Material
  • Gold / silver / copper / metal / rubber
  • Cotton / leather / wool / silk / nylon / polyester
  • Wooden / stone / plastic / paper
  •  

πŸ“˜πŸ“š Let's have a look at the following examples:

  •  
  • I love that really big old green antique car that always parked at the end of the street.
  • [ size + age + color + purpose ]
  •  
  • My sister adopted a beautiful big white bulldog.
  • [ Number + quality + size + color ]
  •  
  • A new red Swiss plastic army knife
  • [ Number + age + color + origin + material + purpose]
  •  
  • A tasty big sandwich
  • [ Number + opinion + size
  • [ Number + opinion + purpose
  •       
  • But if we think the most important thing about the sandwich is its size, we can say:
  • A big tasty sandwich
  • [ Number +size + purpose  
  •  
  • The old round vase
  • [ age + shape + purpose ]
  •  
  • A lovely, large, antique, round, black, Spanish, wooden, mixing bowl
  • [ Number + opinion + size + age + shape + color + origin + material + purpose]
  •  
  • Tips: We can use the word AND when we have several adjectives from a group.
  • The house is green and red.
  • The library had old and new books.
  •  
  • Tips: We can use the comma between the adjectives when we have several adjectives.
  • We live in a big green, white and red house at the end of the street.
  • My friend lost a red, black and white watch.
  •  
  • Tips: we never use the comma between an adjective and a noun.
  • A beautiful old Italian sports car  β‡’ sports car(n) - Italian(adj) - old(adj) - beautiful(adj)
  • [  Number + quality + age + proper adjective(nationality) ]
  •  
  • The three beautiful little gold plates.
  • [ Number + quality + size + proper adjective(material) ]
  •  
  • An amazing heart-shaped red and white sofa.
  • [ Number + opinion + opinion + color ]     β‡’  General opinion > Specific opinion
  •  
  • A red and white sofa.
  • An amazing red and white sofa.
  • An amazing heart-shaped sofa.
  • An amazing heart-shaped red and white sofa.
  •  
  • A round table
  • A square table
  • A oval table
  • A circle table   β‡ πŸ˜• β‡’   A round table, a circular table
  •  
  • An amazing round table       β‡’ [ Number + opinion + purpose ]
  • An amazing square table      β‡’ amazing(adj)  -  round(adj, v, n)  -  square(adj, n, v, adv)
  • An amazing oval table           β‡’ oval(adj)
  • An amazing circular table     β‡’ circular(adj, n)
  •  
  • A wonderful round table
  • A wonderful square table
  • A wonderful oval table
  • A wonderful circular table
  •  
  • An amazing round-shaped table
  • An amazing square-shaped table
  • An amazing oval-shaped table
  • An amazing circle-shaped table
  • An amazing circular-shaped table
  •  
  • A black and white round table
  • A black and white square table
  • A black and white oval table
  • A black and white circular table
  •  
  • An amazing round-shaped black and white table
  • An amazing square-shaped black and white table
  • An amazing oval-shaped black and white table
  • An amazing circle-shaped black and white table
  • An amazing circular-shaped black and white table
  •  
  • An amazing black and white round table
  • An amazing black and red square table
  • An amazing black and white oval table
  •  

πŸ“˜πŸ“š More examples:

  • I love that beautiful big old green antique car that always parked at the end of the street.
  • [ quality + size + age + color + purpose ]
  •  
  • A wonderful old Italian clock
  • [ opinion + age +  proper adjective(origin) ]
  •  
  • A big square blue box
  • [ size + shape + color ]
  • [ size + shape + purpose ]
  • A big square blue box   β‡’ big(adj)  -  square(adj, n, v)  πŸ“š  -  blue(adj)
  •  
  • A disgusting pink plastic puppet
  • [ opinion + color + proper adjective(material) ]   β‡’ disgusting(adj)  -  pink(n, v)  -  plastic(n, adj)  -  puppet(n)
  •  
  • A plastic puppet
  • A pink plastic puppet
  • A disgusting pink plastic puppet / doll / toy / jumping jack
  • A disgusting pink plastic doll
  • A disgusting pink plastic toy
  • A disgusting pink plastic jumping jack.       β‡’      jumping jack = a toy figure of a man, with movable limbs.
  •  
  •  
  • Some slime new french trousers
  • An amazing new American movie
  • I bought a pair of black leather shoes.
  • An old blue Chinese bus
  • The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog
  • That man has stolen a very expansive car.
  • Our teacher has a big house.
  • I have bought some beautiful flowers for my mother.
  •  
  • A nice easy test
  • A wonderful new face cream
  • A beautiful wooden souvenirs
  • A long boring math class
  • A nice easy grammar text
  • A picture frame                     β‡’ picture(n, v)  -  frame(n, v)
  • A beautiful picture frame
  • A horrible ugly building       β‡’  horrible(adj)  -  ugly(adj)  -  building(n, adj)
  • [ Number + opinion + opinion ]     β‡’  General opinion > Specific opinion             
  • A beautiful quiet green holiday resort
  • A holiday resort                 β‡’ holiday(n) -  resort(n, v)
  • A knowledgeable retired American university professor
  •  
  • A beautiful big house
  • An intelligent young man      β‡’  young(adj, n) - man(n, v)
  • Young man
  • A hot potato
  • Some hot potatoes
  • Hardworking men
  • Hardworking women
  • guilty lawyer
  • The clown has got a big nose.
  • That man has stolen a very expansive car.
  • Our teacher has a big house.
  • I have bought some beautiful flowers for my mother.
  • He was a nice intelligent young man
  • She had a small round black wooden box
  •  
  • Nice tasty soup
  • A nasty uncomfortable sofa
  • A lovely intelligent animal
  • A nice red dress
  • A silly old man
  • Those horrible yellow curtains
  •  

πŸ“˜πŸ“š Did you know the words " The, every and My " also can be adjective?! 

  • When we say, my cat, it means the cat belongs to us then it's explaining about the cat.
  • The phrase "every cat" every, is an adjective too.
  • My, his, her, their, your, our - All these are adjectives and except "His" all of them come before a noun, therefore, all of those would explain about the nouns that come after them. So, all of those are adjectives.
  • This is the reason why we call them - Possessive Pronouns

 

πŸ“˜πŸ“š Kinds of adjectives

  • Adjective of quality 
  • Adjective of quantity
  1. definite adjectives of quantity      β‡’ one - two - three  |  first - second - third    Double - Triple - fourfold
  2. indefinite adjectives of quantity  β‡’ some - any - many - much - few - little - several - a lot of - a great deal of - all - half
  • Distinctive adjectives
  1. Possessive adjectives             β‡’ my - your - his - her - its - our - your - their
  2. Emphasizing adjectives        β‡’ own - very
  3. Demonstrative adjectives    β‡’ this - that - these - those
  4. Interrogative adjectives        β‡’  what - which - whose

 

πŸ“˜πŸ“š We have been written a short article for beginners that you can find it in following link

πŸ“˜πŸ“š http://myele.org/blog/it-s-time-for-learning-english-grammar

 

πŸ“˜πŸ“š I hope all of the readers would have been enjoyed the lessons and thank you for the time you spent.

Good Luck.

ShaPour KhodaParast

Easy Learning English E.L.E

Myelesociety@Gmail.com

Sh_KhodaParast@Myele.Org

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